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The Academy also has a separate Institute of Water Management for the purpose of infield activities including water management and sanitation.

In order to assist the Central & State Governments, local authorities, other organisations and institutes in framing project reports for implementation of low cost sanitation, water supply, sewerage, sewage treatment, biogas production from human waste and rain water harvesting in rural as well as urban areas carried out by Academy are as under :

+ National River Conservation Project

Sulabh Academy played an important role in preparation of project reports for the prestigious project - Ganga Action Plan for prevention of pollution of river Ganga. One of the major pollutants of river ganga was the discharge of washings from bucket privies, flow of faecal matter and open air defecation on the banks and in the area adjoining the river. On the basis of its report, the Project Authority agreed to include low-cost sanitation also in the Ganga-Action Plan. Accordingly project reports for constructing Twin Pit Pourflush Toilet (Sulabh Shauchalayas) and Sulabh Public Toilet Complexes with bath, laundry and urinal facilities prepared for a number of cities and towns.

For the Government of Netherlands assisted environmental improvement project of Kanpur and Mirzapur towns under the Ganga Action Plan, the Academy had collaborated with the Netherlands based consulting firm (Haskoning and Euroconsult) in preparing project reports on low-cost sanitation with object of prevention of pollution of river Ganga.

Academy is actively involved in the National River Conservation Project of Government of India and is assisting the State Governments and local bodies in prevention of pollution of other rivers in the country.

+ Feasibility study on Non-Sewerage Schemes for the Pollution Abatement of River Ganga in Varanasi

The Japan International Co-operation Agency (JICA) awarded  Sulabh Academy the feasibility study and preparation of water Quality Management Plan for the River Ganga in Varanasi City and aiming to reduce the pollution load on the river. The Academy carried out a feasibility study under non-sewerage schemes for the city of Varanasi focusing on low cost sanitation programme for slum communities to prevent open defecation and construction of new dhobighats and improvement of existing ones to reduce discharge of pollutants to river Ganga. Other activities carried out were survey of slums and Dhobighats, organising workshops for low cost sanitation and Dhobighats, Public Participation / Public Awareness (PP/PA) activities with stakeholders, Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with representatives of Slum Areas and Preparation of Feasibility Report and Guidelines & Manual for Low Cost Sanitation and Dhobighats. The Academy submitted its report to the JICA which was accepted and appreciated by the client.

+ Yamuna Action Plan - I

The Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) appointed Sulabh Academy as its Monitoring Research Group to study the work done by different project implementing agencies of the projects related to public participation/awareness components under the Yamuna Action Plan in the towns of, Agra, Mathura and Faridabad. The study was funded by the JBIC through the National River Conservation Directorate (NRCD), Ministry of Environment and Forests, Govt. of India. Sulabh Academy studied and collected information related to the demographic profile of the towns, implementation programme, works carried out in all the three towns related to public participation activities and its impact on the awareness programme. The Academy submitted its report to the JBIC which was accepted and appreciated by the client.

The SAPI (Special Assistance for Project Implementation) Team, Tokyo, under the Yamuna Action Plan assigned the Academy three consultancies related to current status of the non-sewerage facilities and further review of public participation/awareness programme was carried out in four towns namely Delhi, Faridabad, Agra and Mathura. The objective of the study was to assess the status of non-sewerage facilities and related public participation/awareness programme under the Yamuna Action Plan project. The organisation made a detailed survey of the works done and - held workshops to know the views of the local residents regarding Yamuna pollution.  A comprehensive report was submitted to the SAPI team which was accepted and appreciated by the client.

+ Yamuna Action Plan - II

In Yamuna Action Phase – II, JBIC assigned the Academy Public Participation and Public Awareness programme under Clean Yamuna Manch Project at Agra and Socio-Economic and Environment Upgradation of CTC Neighbourhood Community Programme, Town Specific Innovative Programme and School Sanitation and Health and Hygiene Programme for Gurgaon, Faridabad and Yamuna Nagar in Haryana and Noida in Uttar Pradesh to achieve the maximum utilities of the infrastructures created during YAP phase-I programme.

+ Conservation and Management of Lakes

The Academy prepared Detailed Project Reports Sanitation Component under Conservation of Dal and Nagin lakes, Srinagar and five lakes (Nanital, Bhimtal, Naukuchiatal, Khurpatal and Sat-tal) in Nainital District,' Uttaranchal in association with Alternate Hydro Energy Centre (AHEC), Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee for National River Conservation Directorate (NRCD) Ministry of Environment and Forests. Government of India. Proposal for disposal of human waste from houseboats stationed in lakes in Srinagar was also included in the project prepared by Sulabh Academy.


Survey and Awareness Campaign for Sanitation Project in 10 Peripheral Villages of Rourkela Steel Plant


The Steel Authority of India Ltd., Rourkela Steel Plant awarded  the consultancy for conducting house to house survey and awareness campaign to Sulabh Academy. The Academy carried out numbers of workshop and awareness campaign to focusing on low cost sanitation programme for villagers to create awareness among the villages for adopting sanitary practices particularly, individual and public toilets. The Academy also prepared awareness report, design & cost and submitted its report to SAIL which was accepted and appreciated by the client.

+ Involvement in the World Bank Studies and Projects

Sulabh Academy worked as a consultant of the World Bank to collect data and information on the status of rural water supply and sanitation development sector in seven states in India namely Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujrat, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.

+ Involvement in the Integrated Rural Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation Project of Uttar Pradesh

At the request of Government of Uttar Pradesh, the Academy prepared a report to lay down criteria and guidance for selecting villages and districts to be included in the Integrated Rural Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation Project of Uttar Pradesh for the World Bank assistance.


Consultancies on Low Cost Sanitation & Community Awareness Undertaken in Collaboration with Consulting Engineering Services (India) Pvt. Ltd.


The Sulabh Academy was associated with Consulting Engineering Services (India) Pvt. Ltd. in the following consultancies:

  1. dentification of Low-cost Sanitation Alternatives for Madras (Chennai) city,
  2. Providing Consultancy to Government of Kerala for the World Bank assisted Trivandrum Sewerage and Sanitation Improvement Project;
  3. Low Cost Sanitation under the Environmental Sanitation Programme in the City of Madras (Chennai) and Adjacent Urban Areas;
  4. Community Awareness, Environment and Health Education Studies Under the Environmental Sanitation Programme in the City of Madras (Chennai) and
  5. Low Cost Sanitation in the City of Kozhikode (Kerala) and the Adjacent Panchayat Areas.
    Sulabh Academy also provided Consultancy Services for Integrated Rural Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation Project (World Bank assisted) covering 120 villages in Punjab in association with Water and Power Consultancy Services (India) Ltd., a Government of India undertaking.
+ Advice to other Developing Countries
  At the request of the Royal Government of Bhutan, the Academy prepared detailed project reports for construction, operation and maintenance of community toilets with bath and urinal facilities on 'pay and use' system at Thimpu (capital of Bhutan). Similar project for Kathmandu, Nepal was also prepared. The experts of SIAES visited South Africa, Sri Lanka and Ethiopia to advise Governments of those countries to improve environment by following Sulabh model. At the request of some NGOs from Tanzania, Sulabh Academy prepared designs and cost estimates of community toilets with bath, laundry and urinal facilities to be operated on 'pay and use' basis on Sulabh pattern. Technical advice was provided for setting up community toilets and human excreta based biogas plants in Kenya. Similar assistance was extended too many other countries.

Evaluation Study


At the request of the HUDCO, the Academy carried out evaluation study of low cost sanitation programme in 4 towns namely Balghat, Dewas, Durg and Sarni of Madhya Pradesh and project report submitted which was appreciated by the client.

The Human Settlement Management Institute (HSMI) of HUDCO in collaboration with the Institute of Housing and Urban Development Studies (IHS), Rotterdam took up a Government of Netherlands assisted collaborative project, "Capacity Building for the Urban Environment: A Comparative Research, Training and Experience Exchange". Experiences obtained through the research study on the operational strategies of best practices for urban environmental management were presented in Habitat II - the Second U.N. Conference held at Istanbul in June 1996. At the request of HSMI, Sulabh Academy carried out a research-cum-case study on "Integrated Low-Cost Sanitation: Indian Experiences" to provide insight on Capacity Building into environmental management examples of best practices with potential of its scaling up and wider replication.

The SIAES carried out studies funded by Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India to assess socio-economic impact on scavengers relieved from manual handling of human waste in two towns in Punjab and another study to assess occupational health risks of scavengers handling solid waste in Ghaziabad, U.P.

+ Case Study on Scavengers in India

Waste consultants of Netherlands desired to prepare a document on methods of household human excreta collection from bucket dry privies in various towns viz. China, Ghana, India, Tanzania and the Netherlands. The study for India was entrusted to Sulabh Academy. The case illustration from India was related to scavengers who collect and dispose of human waste in Ghaziabad town, their internal organisation, socio-economic relationships with the residents of the neighbourhood, and contribution to the town's sanitation system. The role of local authority and privately employed scavengers and of private sector organisations was distinguished in all the stages of human excreta collection and disposal. The study report was presented by the Academy in the International Workshop organised by Waste Consultants in Colombo, Sri Lanka in September 1996.

+ Hospital Waste Management

During recent years there has been tremendous changes in disease profile in the community as well as in drugs and technology used for management of diseases in hospitals and other health care units. A wide variety of drugs, chemicals and radioactive substances are being used for variety of purposes. All these become a part of the hospital waste. These constitute about 15% of the total waste generated in a hospital; rest 85% constitute non-hazardous waste similar to household wastes. Therefore segregation of hazardous waste at source is the prime need for the hospital waste management.

The Punjab Pollution Control Board, Patiala awarded our organization a study project titled Comprehensive Study of Bio-Medical Wastes in city of Ludhiana which included study of existing system of generation to find disposal in hospitals, nursing homes, animal houses and slaughter houses in Ludhiana and was submitted report for segregation, collection, transportation, treatment and disposal of biomedical wastes satisfying the bio-medical waste (Management and Handling) Rules of 1998.


Project on National Strategy for Urban Poor on Solid waste disposal through Vermicomposting and improvement of environment by strengthening community based organization


The aims and objectives of project were improvement of environmental practices for the management of solid waste.,Demonstration to the community that recycling is a viable and source for employment generation,Gender sensitization, Setting up of institution at Community level to sustain the system and reorganization and reuse of open spaces to improve the micro climate and accessibility to the people (improvement of water bodies, plantation soil improvement etc.) Target Groups were 2000 Households of Madipur Rehabilitated Colony. The activities included Awareness Generation, Cleanliness drive, School Sanitation and cleanliness of   school premises, Demonstration of rain harvesting, Vermicomposting, Training and Gender sensitization, Greening and improvement of locality Organisation of workshops and meetings. The project was sponsored by Government of India and UNDP.

+ Low Cost Sanitation Projects

The Academy has prepared detailed project reports on low cost sanitation for a number of towns to make them scavenging free by conversion of bucket privies to Sulabh Shauchalaya and construction of new ones in houses where there were no latrines. The projects also included construction of Sulabh Shauchalaya Complexes for commuters, floating population, rickshaw pullers, pavement dwellers and for such households which do not have space for individual latrines or cannot afford to have them. Schemes for training and rehabilitation of liberated scavengers and their wards formed an integral part of these projects. It also prepared projects for establishing training facilities for the liberated scavengers and their wards in a number of States.

The Academy has prepared a number of projects for construction, operation and maintenance of community toilets with bath, laundry and urinal facilities for various authorities.
The Academy has prepared a number of designs of Sulabh Shauchalayas maximising the use of local skill and materials in a wide cost range with a view to satisfy the need of communities having different economic level as well as suiting to their socio-cultural habits and attitudes. By giving designs of varying costs, beneficiary has the advantage of choosing a design which is affordable and suits him best. 

+ Water Supply, Sewerage, Storm Water Drainage and Solid Waste Disposal

The Academy as a Consultant appointed by RITES, designed and prepared detailed project report for water supply, sewerage, storm water drainage and solid waste management for a new satellite town, Ranka near Gangtok (capital of Sikkim).
The Academy has also designed and prepared detailed project reports for water supply, sewerage and storm water drainage for various areas being developed by Delhi Development Authority (DDA).

The Academy is also involved in preparation of Sewerage Master Plan and detailed project reports for sewerage schemes for various zones in Dehradun town for Uttranchal Peyjal Nigam, Dehradun and also preparation of storm water drainage master plan and detailed project report for water supply and sewerage and storm water drainage projects in more than a dozen of towns of Kumaon and Garhwal regions in Uttrakhand.

+ Urban Renewal Project for PilanjiVillage, Delhi

On the request of Deepalaya, an NGO of Delhi, project improvement of services viz. water supply, human waste management, liquid waste management, solid waste management, storm water drainage and upgradation of roads and streets has been prepared by the Academy. This project is the component of comprehensive project being prepared by Deepalaya for the integrated development of the village.

+ Effluent Treatment Plants and Air Pollution Control Devices

In consequence of empanelment by Delhi Pollution Control Committee, Sulabh Academy has issued adequacy certificates after examining the technical and performance efficacy of effluent treatment plants and/or Air Pollution Control Devices installed by various industrial units in National Capital Territory, Delhi. The Academy is also designing, constructing and supervising the construction of effluent treatment plants and Air Pollution Control Devices and giving advice.


Rain Water Harvesting Projects


Academy has prepared detailed project reports for rain water harvesting in 6 five star hotels of Taj Group (Agra, Jaipur, Chennai and two hotels at Goa) as well as for Scindia School, Gwalior, DIN Cooperative Group Housing Society, Dwarka, New Delhi and Ramkrishna Mission Sewashram, Lucknow. The rain water harvesting project of the Cooperative Society was also implemented by Sulabh Academy.

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